Zinnias are known for being heat-loving annual flowers that will produce an abundance of blooms throughout the summer. But even though these summer flowers can take the heat, they still need to be watered regularly to perform at their peak.
Mature zinnias typically need one inch of water per week during the summer months, delivered through 1-3 waterings a week. Zinnia seeds should be watered every day during germination to prevent them from drying out. As seedlings, zinnias also need frequent watering as they get established.
There are a few refining details for these guidelines, along with some tips to avoid overwatering your zinnias that we’ll get into next.
Water needs for zinnia seeds and seedlings
Zinnias are a warm-season annual that should be planted after the last frost date in the spring. You can plant them all the way through early summer, and you’ll get colorful flowers blooming in just a couple of months.
Zinnias thrive in well-drained soil and full sun, and these easy-to-grow flowers can be started from seed or transplanted from seeds started indoors during early spring.
When direct sowing zinnia seeds in the garden, you’ll need to water them daily to prevent them from drying out while they are germinating. If sown directly in a full sun area, you might even need to water them twice a day just until the seeds germinate.
After the seeds have sprouted, you still need to water more frequently while the zinnias are young plants. Zinnia seedlings will benefit from daily watering while their root systems are getting established. The roots will only go a few inches deep into the soil, so they need readily accessible water.
It’s best to water plants early in the morning so they can be hydrated through the heat of the day. In warmer climates, you might need to follow up with an afternoon watering, especially if you notice the zinnia leaves are drooping in the sun.
If you need tips for planting zinnias in the garden, this post will help you maximize your spacing: Zinnia Spacing For Healthy Plants And Abundant Blooms.
Water needs for zinnias through the growing season
Established zinnia plants typically need one inch of water a week to thrive. This amount can be given once per week to thoroughly saturate the soil and create a reserve for the plants to utilize. It can be spread out over 1-3 waterings per week if the zinnias are in a particularly sunny spot need and to recover.
Zinnias are a drought-tolerant annual, so even at the lower end of the water spectrum, the flowers will generally keep up their flower production during the summer months, even when it’s hot. This makes them an excellent option for water-conscious gardens and areas with water use restrictions.
Just make sure to keep an eye on your plants, and if you notice few new flowers are blooming or the foliage is looking wilted, then reevaluate how much water you are giving your plants.
If you think your zinnias aren’t getting enough water, you can check the soil moisture depth to ensure that the soil is damp several inches below the surface. If you check the soil at three or four inches deep and it’s dry, then start supplementing your zinnia flowers with some extra water.
Use organic mulch to keep the soil moist
Watering zinnias is a delicate balance. Too much water and the plants will wilt, while too little water will not give the water they need to thrive. To make this process easier, use a mulch to help preserve soil moisture.
Organic mulch includes options such as wood chips, grass clippings, and straw. These options will help keep the soil moist as it prevents the sun from shining directly on the soil and speeding up water evaporation.
Need some ideas for mulch? Check out this list, Best (Free!) Organic Mulches For The Home Garden.
Mulch is laid on top of the soil and it will hold in water so the soil stays moist. Drip irrigation is best because it delivers water directly at the base of the plant, bypassing the mulch. Plus, it keeps the foliage dry, which is important to prevent fungus and powdery mildew.
If you use overhead watering, be sure to give a little extra water to your plants to compensate for the water that the mulch itself will absorb.
Additional questions for watering zinnias
Make sure you’ve got all the details you need to see your zinnias grow well through the hot weather of the summer growing season.
How much water do potted zinnias need?
Zinnias grown in pots will need more water than those grown in the garden beds, possibly up to two inches of water per week. This is because the soil in pots can dry out quickly, especially on a hot day.
To know if your potted zinnias need more frequent watering, monitor them closely and if you see the plants drooping, you should check the soil itself. If it’s dry, give the plants some water. If it’s still moist, try moving the pots out of the direct sun until they recover.
Should I water zinnias every day?
You should water zinnia seeds and seedlings every day while germinating and getting established. Both seeds and seedlings have much more delicate root systems than established plants, so they cannot plumb the soil as readily to get the water they need.
However, mature plants do not need daily watering.
Daily watering isn’t recommended because it encourages shallow root growth, which can be dangerous if you miss a day or two of watering. When a plant has shallow roots and then doesn’t get its regular amount of water, it is more prone to wilting or even dying on a hot day.
Instead, it would be best if you watered zinnias twice per week to encourage deeper root growth while still making sure the flowers get the water they need during the warm weather.
Read more about the water needs of flowers in this post, Daily Water For The Summer Garden? Not Necessarily.
Can zinnias be overwatered?
Zinnias can be overwatered if they get much more than one inch of water per week. Signs of overwatering include drooping leaves or mushy stems. To revive an overwatered zinnia, reduce the amount of water it gets until the soil is slightly dried out, then resume watering one inch per week.
If the stems have gotten mushy, the plant is probably beyond rescue, and you will need to replace it.
Learn more about zinnias
Grow zinnias all summer long and keep yourself in new flowers every day! Learn more in this post, Plant Zinnias In Summer For Easy Blooms And Fall Color.